When male fertility is examined, a male factor infertility “issue” is found in 30% of couples, and a contributing male factor is involved in 50% of couples.
Medical Therapy for Male Infertility
When sperm production is too low to achieve pregnancy, medication to increase the number of sperm produced is an option. We offer the newest, most effective medications for this problem. For men with low hormone levels, hormone therapy may be required to correct the balance. We also counsel our patients as needed regarding lifestyle practices that may improve their fertility. We also offer sperm banking for fertility preservation in men who will be undergoing cancer treatment.
Surgical Treatment of Male Infertility
Depending on the cause of infertility, a surgical procedure may be necessary to correct a defect or remove an obstruction. Our physicians are among the most experienced in the country in surgical procedures to restore fertility. The most common procedures performed here include vasectomy reversal and varicocele repair.
In Vitro Fertilization
Fertilization is accomplished by exposing the eggs to sperm in a culture dish, or by directly injecting a single sperm into each mature egg, a process called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). After fertilization, embryo development is monitored over the next three to five days, and two to three embryos then are placed into the uterus by way of a small catheter inserted through the cervix.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection
Artificial techniques of reproduction have advanced to the point where a single sperm can be physically injected into an egg. This procedure, called intracytoplasmic sperm injection has dramatically changed the treatment available for even the most severe male factor infertility. Because of this technique, 90% of all infertile men have the potential to conceive their own genetic child.